The EU Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste was published on the Official Journal of the European Union and took into force on 31 December 1994.
This Directive aims to harmonize national measures concerning the management of packaging and packaging waste in order, on the one hand, to prevent any impact thereof on the environment of all Member States as well as of third countries or to reduce such impact, thus providing a high level of environmental protection, and, on the other hand, to ensure the functioning of the internal market and to avoid obstacles to trade and distortion and restriction of competition within the Community. To this end this Directive lays down measures aimed, as a first priority, at preventing the production of packaging waste and, as additional fundamental principles, at reusing packaging, at recycling and other forms of recovering packaging waste and, hence, at reducing the final disposal of such waste.
1．This Directive covers all packaging placed on the market in the Community and all packaging waste, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level, regardless of the material used.
2．This Directive shall apply without prejudice to existing quality requirements for packaging such as those regarding safety, the protection of health and the hygiene of the packed products or to existing transport requirements or to the provisions of Council Directive 91/689/EEC of 12 December 1991 on hazardous waste.
Annex I: Illustrative Examples for the Criteria Referred to in Article 3(1)
Annex II: Essential Requirements on the Composition and the Reusable and Recoverable, Including Recyclable, Nature of Packaging
1. Requirements specific to the manufacturing and composition of packaging
2. Requirements specific to the reusable nature of packaging
3. Requirements specific to the recoverable nature of packaging
Annex III: Data to Be Included by Member States in Their Databases on Packaging and Packaging Waste (In accordance with Tables 1 to 4)
The sum of concentration levels of lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium present in packaging or packaging components shall not exceed 100 ppm by weight.
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